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Ethnographic Tourism


LEISURE – WHAT TO DO?

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The ethnofolk treasures, kept over the centuries and passed down from generation to generation, can be found in the museal collections, created by the Alba County Council (Șibot and Ceru-Băcăinți), but especially in the very existence of everyday people’s lives and in their feasts: the rural ensemble in Romos – dozens of special historic monuments, illustrative for the Saxon houses architecture; stone houses, unique in Romania – at Ceru-Băcăinți; the craft of the creator of the wooden popular items, Constantin Perța – at Ceru-Băcăinți.

The villages’ celebrations and holydays are also great opportunities for discovering traditions, folklore and folk.
In Romos, every year in mid-August, the children of the village are invited to meet. That’s when they return home for a few days, as many of them are working in other places, and also as many Saxons have emigrated to Germany in the last 25-30 years.
Ali – moli, known in other places in Transylvania as the Moroleuca or the Cry over the village, is a spring custom, practiced on the evening of the Shrove Tuesday (entry into Lent): young people of the village gather in the nearby hills and light fires, yelling at the same time various satirical criticism against some of their fellow villagers.
The best known custom of Romos is the one called “Călușari”. It is common to the villages in the Orăștie Mountains, but with each of them having their own specific elements. It is a traditional dance performed exclusively by men, gathered in a band with very strict organizing rules. Originating from the Roman Saturnalia, the Călușari of Romos can be found prowling from house to house between Christmas’s Eve and January 2nd. During this time, the group members live together, usually hosted by one of the richest and most influential men in the village. The Călușari are accompanied by Jupâni, young aspirants who are being initiated into the Călușari dance. They move around masked and strangely dressed, entrusted to collect, from homes, food and drinks for the Călușari. Another band member, the cepar, keeps the keys to the storage room. Other characters are turcașii – two young men wearing the turca, a beautiful representation of a goat adorned with colored ribbons, goat fur, horns, multicolored tassels and rabbit fur. The Călușari’s prowling ends in January 2nd, the day when, in full view of the whole village, “shooting the Turk” takes place. Moreover, it is said that the at the entry in Alba Iulia, in 1599, Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave) was greeted by 112 călușari, among which those of Romos also were.
The acacia’s feast: it takes place every year in early June, in Ceru – Băcăinți. It celebrates, during its full flowering time, the most present tree on the commune’s territory (over 400 ha) and it attracts hundreds of beekeepers every year. It’s an opportunity for the children of the village to meet; folk performances are held and, in the evening, the Acacia Ball takes place.
Celebration of the Battle of the Bread’s Field: it is organized, for several years, by Șibot Hall, around 13th of October, and it became a sort of Commune’s Day celebration. After the religious and military ceremonies, usually folk performances take place.

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